Ingrown toenails are a very common reason for A dermatological consultation. In most cases, it is something that can be prevented, as it is caused by inadequate nail trimming.
The nails should be cut with clean and sharp utensils, the cut should be straight without removing the corners. IF the corners of the nail hurt, they can be filed a little, but not rounded, as this causes them to GROW INWARDS.
In some people, the skin surrounding the first toenail is redundant, which can cause the nails to BECOME ingrown despite proper trimming. In these cases, surgery can be performed to remove the excess skin and correct it.
Nail fungus is a very common condition that usually does not cause symptoms but causes discomfort due to the way the nails look. It can manifest as changes in color towards yellow, brown, or greenish tones in the nail, or texture changes such as increased thickness and brittleness.
If you notice any of these changes, it is recommended to see a dermatologist who can request a study to confirm the presence of fungus and initiate treatment. There are several treatments that can be indicated as an oral or topical medication or some types of lasers.
Color and Texture Changes
There are different factors that can cause a yellowish discoloration of the nails. Among the most common is the frequent use of nail polish, acrylic or gel nails, and fungal infections. This may or may not be accompanied by changes in the texture that cause brittle and fragile nails or, on the contrary, thick nails.
If you notice any changes of this type, it is recommended to discontinue the use of nail polish and acrylics and see a dermatologist for a check-up. To rule out a fungal infection, a small scraping of the nail is performed and if it is positive, treatment will be started.